Subrogation is a concept that's understood among legal and insurance companies but sometimes not by the people who employ them. Even if it sounds complicated, it would be to your advantage to comprehend an overview of the process. The more knowledgeable you are about it, the better decisions you can make with regard to your insurance policy.

Every insurance policy you own is a promise that, if something bad happens to you, the insurer of the policy will make restitutions in one way or another in a timely manner. If you get an injury while you're on the clock, your employer's workers compensation insurance agrees to pay for medical services. Employment lawyers handle the details; you just get fixed up.

But since determining who is financially responsible for services or repairs is regularly a confusing affair – and time spent waiting often increases the damage to the victim – insurance firms often decide to pay up front and assign blame after the fact. They then need a method to recover the costs if, when there is time to look at all the facts, they weren't responsible for the expense.

Let's Look at an Example

You are in an auto accident. Another car crashed into yours. The police show up to assess the situation, you exchange insurance details, and you go on your way. You have comprehensive insurance and file a repair claim. Later it's determined that the other driver was entirely at fault and her insurance policy should have paid for the repair of your auto. How does your company get its money back?

How Subrogation Works

This is where subrogation comes in. It is the way that an insurance company uses to claim reimbursement when it pays out a claim that turned out not to be its responsibility. Some insurance firms have in-house property damage lawyers and personal injury attorneys, or a department dedicated to subrogation; others contract with a law firm. Ordinarily, only you can sue for damages to your person or property. But under subrogation law, your insurance company is extended some of your rights for making good on the damages. It can go after the money that was originally due to you, because it has covered the amount already.

Why Does This Matter to Me?

For a start, if your insurance policy stipulated a deductible, it wasn't just your insurance company who had to pay. In a $10,000 accident with a $1,000 deductible, you have a stake in the outcome as well – to be precise, $1,000. If your insurer is timid on any subrogation case it might not win, it might choose to recoup its losses by increasing your premiums and call it a day. On the other hand, if it knows which cases it is owed and pursues those cases efficiently, it is acting both in its own interests and in yours. If all $10,000 is recovered, you will get your full $1,000 deductible back. If it recovers half (for instance, in a case where you are found 50 percent to blame), you'll typically get half your deductible back, depending on your state laws.

Moreover, if the total price of an accident is over your maximum coverage amount, you could be in for a stiff bill. If your insurance company or its property damage lawyers, such as auto accident attorney Essex MD, successfully press a subrogation case, it will recover your expenses as well as its own.

All insurance companies are not the same. When comparing, it's worth comparing the reputations of competing agencies to find out if they pursue winnable subrogation claims; if they resolve those claims in a reasonable amount of time; if they keep their customers advised as the case continues; and if they then process successfully won reimbursements right away so that you can get your losses back and move on with your life. If, instead, an insurer has a record of paying out claims that aren't its responsibility and then protecting its profitability by raising your premiums, you should keep looking.